Humanitarian logistics is the effective management of all aid materials (medicines, food, etc.) when a disaster or war occurs in a certain place, region or country. It reduces the impact of the event and helps the affected people.
Design of Humanitarian relief Logistic networks with consideration of pre- and post-disaster management
Disasters have always been considered as extraordinary events. But their frequency and severity are increasing dramatically over the years as result of the rapid growth of population and the increase of human concentration in dangerous environments. Improving the quality of relief operations is becoming necessary and disaster logistic networks (DLN) are an important factor. A literature review shows many mathematical models and solution approaches in need for improvement in order to generate more realistic and practical results. This research work will consider designing pre and post-disaster operations of relief networks (facility location and stock pre-positioning as pre-disaster and relief distribution and casualty transportation as post-disaster operations). Moreover, at second stage, in order to reduce the gap between this work and real environments, we consider that facilities are affected by disaster, unlike other studies in the literature, and a proper strategic plan is proposed to improve the injured people serving time.
We consider a risk-averse network by applying a proper risk measure in order to better capture the effects of inconsistencies. To solve the proposed models, a novel decomposition method will be developed. The models and the solution methods will be validated using real data sets from a case study.